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What is Geography?

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments.

Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it. They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people.

Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time.

“National Geographic”

Our pupils begin their learning in geography within the Early Years Foundation Stage (Reception Class) by developing their understanding of their own environment and their place within it through exploration and play.  This enables them to develop key knowledge and vocabulary through themes within ‘understanding the world’ which will prepare them to access the geography content as they progress through school. At each age phase, we continue to apply these principles to provide a high quality geography curriculum to inspire our pupils to be curious about the world and its people. Through our curriculum, pupils will develop their knowledge of the local area and more distant places and people; the natural and human environments and the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress through school, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, including how landscapes and environments are used. Pupils will also develop a range of geographical skills which will enable them to understand how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.

Through each of the geography themes, pupils will study various places and processes, from the rivers in the local area and coastlines in Liverpool, to the cities and mountain ranges in different countries around the world.    Each year group focuses on two units of work which includes learning key geographical knowledge (the big ideas) and developing disciplinary ideas (use of geographical tools) to investigate the ever-changing world. The development of spoken language (including key vocabulary) and the application of reading and writing, which are important aspects of the geography curriculum, will support all learners to articulate the big ideas clearly and precisely.

Our curriculum aims to develop pupils’ understanding of the 10 big ideas of geography. Through using their knowledge, the evidence gathered through exciting fieldwork and exploring and analysing a variety of sources (including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs) pupils will develop an understanding of distant places and the diversity in its people, beyond their own immediate environment and experiences.

We use the Cornerstones Curriculum to enhance our offer.


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